PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE
Helping Verbs: am, is, are
Common/Time Expressions: now, at the moment, at present, nowadays, currently, still, right now, just now, these days
Affirmative/Positive Sentence Structure (SUBJECT + AM/IS/ARE + VERBing …)
I am writing a letter now.
He/She/It is playing in the garden at the moment
We/You/They are watching TV at present.
Negative Sentence Structure (S + AM NOT/ISN’T/AREN’T + Ving …)
I am not — I’m not looking out of the window right now.
He/She/It is not — /He/She/It isn’t sleeping at the moment.
We/You/They are not – We/You/They aren’t surfing on the internet now.
Question Sentence Structure (AM/IS/ARE + S + Ving …?)
Am I talking to the wrong person? Yes, you are./No, you aren’t.
Is he/she/it crying? Yes, she is./No, she isn’t.
Are we/you/they working too hard? Yes, they are./No, they aren’t.
Present Continuous Tense is used,
-for the actions that take place at the moment of speaking.
I’m learning English grammar now.
-for the actions that take place around now. (not necessarily at the moment of speaking)
We are having great fun at school these days.
-for gradual change or development.
It is getting darker and darker.
-with forever, constantly, continually and always to express complaint.
He is always asking silly questions.
-for definitely arranged near future actions.
The Smiths are flying to Florida tomorrow morning.
SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
Helping Verbs: do, does (**These helping verbs are used in Negatives and Questions, but not in Affirmative Sentences)
Time Expressions: everyday, every week/month/year, once (a week), twice (a month)
**These time expressions indicate frequency (How often?) rather than a point in time (When?).
Affirmative/Positive Sentence Structure (SUBJECT + VERB(s) + OBJECT …)
I/We/You/They play tennis every weekend.
He/She/It eats breakfast every morning. (**We add -s to the base form of the verb in third person singular.)
Negative Sentence Structure (S + DON’T/DOESN’T + V … )
I/We/You/They do not/don’t like coffee.
He/She/It does not/doesn’t eat meat.
Question Sentence Structure (DO/DOES + S + V …?)
Do I/we/you/they look tired? Yes, I do./No, I don’t.
Does he/she/it have many friends?
Simple Present Tense is used,
-for regular, repeated or routine actions.
I buy a new car every year.
My father gets up before dawn every morning..
-for general truths or natural/scientific facts
Water boils at 100 Centigrade degree
-for future actions based on a time table or schedule.
The bus leaves at 10 tomorrow morning.
-for actions that take place at the moment of speaking with non-progressive verbs. (**Non- progressive verbs are those which we cannot add -ing, so we can’t use them in continuous tenses.)
I need someone to help me now.