The Global Library of Free Learning and Reading
Tuesday April 22nd 2014

ARTICLES WORLDWIDE

Baby Senses

Baby Senses

A- Watch and/or listen to the video and choose the right word.
Even a visit to the grocery store can 1 _____ the senses. It is noisy, bright and smelly. The nose is working overtime. High up inside specialized nerves 2 _____ in the air stream. They 3 _____ chemicals in the air and send an electrical signal to the brain which 4 _____ the signals as smells. The nerves are super sensitive. Every smell is a new sensation. The same goes for our hearing. Strange new world, strange new sounds. Sound waves vibrate the ear drum. On the other side of the ear drum, these tiny bones the ossicles vibrate in 5 _____. They’re the smallest bones in the body but without them we would never hear a thing. They use leverage to amplify the vibrations hitting the ear drum 22 times. The amplified 6 _____ now enter the inner ear or cochlea. It’s lined with 7 _____ hairs. When vibrations pass through, the hairs vibrate.

 

At the base are the 8 _____ hairs for high frequency sounds, at the top low frequency hairs each one 200 times thinner than a hair on our head. Over time loud noises will damage these hairs but at this age they are perfect. Our hearing will never be this good again. The story is different for eye sight. We are born with very underdeveloped vision. Even at one month the world is 9 _____ and mostly black and white. Every aspect of our vision is 10 _____. The eye muscles are immature keeping us from pointing our eyes where we want to. Inside the eye the lens muscles stil can’t focus and the lens 11 ____ the image it receives. All through life we see the world upside down. The Picture only gets 12 _____ in our brains. Right now the picture is on the retina, the screen at the back of the eye. The retina has two types of cells, rods and cones, which 13 _____ the light that hits them into electric signals. The cones detect colour information but because they’re not developed yet, we see mostly in black and white during our first month. From the retina the signals travel along 2 thick nerves under the brain. At the back is where we           14 _____visual information. When the image arrives, the real challange begins, our image 15 _____ brains haven’t learnt to interpret the data yet. That’s changing fast.
1
A) overwork  B) overweight  C) overcome   D) overload
2
A) danger  B) dangle  C) dandle   D) dental
3
A) detect  B) defect  C) direct   D) dissect
4
A) interferes  B) interprets  C) interact  D) interplead
5
A) respond  B) restate  C) response  D) resent
6
A) vibrations  B) visualization C) violation  D) verification
7
A) dedicate  B) deliberate  C) deviate  D) delicate
8
A) fraud  B) futile  C) fragile  D) frail
9
A) blurred  B) blamed  C) blushed  D) blustered
10
A) contemporary  B) rudimentary  C) temporary  D) ordinary
11
A) flaps  B) flips  C) flows  D) flops
12
A) reordered  B) reorganized  C) reoriented  D) reopened
13
A) transfer  B) transcend  C) transfuse  D) transform
14
A) price  B) process  C) prose  D) pirates
15
A) immature  B) immoral  C) immortal  D) immune

B- Mark the statements as True (T), False (F) or No Information (NI).
1- Too much smell can ruin our senses.
2- Though small, ossicles are vital parts of the body.
3- The intensity of the electrical signals sent to the brain determines the range of our hearing.
4- The hairs that help us hear improve as we age.
5- Babies’ eyesight is poor during the early years.
6- Weak eye muscles is a common defect among teenagers.
7- Once the retina is damaged, one sees black and white all through his life.
8- Babies vision develop gradually.

C- Match the words with their definitions.
Vibrate                A) devote time to particular activity
Amplify               B) not fully developed
immature           C) make small movements rapidly
challange            D) find the meaning of something
interpret             E) physical feeling
specialized         F) stimulating test of abilities
sensation            G) increase

D- What do the following words refer to?
1- “it” in line 1 refers to
2- “They” in line 2 refers to
3- “The same” in line 4 refers to
4- “It” in line 7 refers to
5-  “at this age” in line 9 refers to

………………………………………………………………………………..

KEY

Baby Senses

A- Watch and/or listen to the video and choose the right word.
1 D) overload
2 B) dangle
3 A) detect
4 B) interprets
5 C) response
6 A) vibrations
7 D) delicate
8 C) fragile
9 A) blurred
10 B) rudimentary
11 B) flips
12 C) reoriented
13 D) transform
14 B) process
15 A) immature

B- Mark the statements as True (T), False (F) or No Information (NI).
1- F
2- T
3- NI
4- F
5- T
6- NI
7- NI
8- T

C- Match the words with their definitions.
…. vibrate          C)
…. amplify         G)
…. immature     B)
…. challange      F)
…. interpret       D)
…. specialized   A)
…. sensation  E)

D- What do the following words refer to?
1- “it” in line 1 refers to grocery store
2- “They” in line 2 refers to specialized nerves
3- “The same” in line 4 refers to new sensation
4- “It” in line 7 refers to inner ear or cochlea
5-  “at this age” in line 9 refers to babies

Leave a Reply